After completing the construction of the dream house, the first thing many people think about is definitely choosing the right furniture for their family's living space. In particular, genuine leather interior is always the first choice because of its durability and luxurious beauty, however, with countless vague information on the market, consumers hardly understand. about the leather material of the product that I will buy. This article will introduce how to recognize and distinguish genuine leather materials used in the interior industry such as sofas, single recliners, leather beds, etc. to help you avoid losing money unjustly on products. Poor quality leather furniture.
1. Understanding the Origin of Skin
First, talking about the origin of genuine leather for furniture, a large part of the world's main source of cowhide comes from the Americas because the cows here are usually large and strong breeds, ensuring the obtaining of the hides. large version. Companies in the United States often use North American indigenous cowhide, while European companies import raw hides from South American countries such as Brazil for their factories. Here, they will carry out the tanning, cutting, coloring and surface treatment processes for the leather panels before exporting the finished product to furniture manufacturing partners. In addition to American cowhide, there are also European cowhide or Indian cow/buffalo leather which are also good sources of quality leather for interior products, but the price is somewhat more expensive. A quality genuine leather interior product must have full information about the origin of the type of leather used on that product. So, the first thing when learning about genuine leather products is to ask the seller about the origin of the leather.
2. Know How To Classify Real Leather By Tanning Method Pháp
Here, let's learn together with DACO how to distinguish real leather through the production processes that make it. Currently in the leather industry there are two common types of tanning methods: chemical (chrome-tanning) or herbal (veg-tanning). While chemical tanning takes only 3-4 days, the herbal method takes up to a month, so most of the genuine leather commonly sold on the market is chemically tanned.
a) Chemical Tanned Leather
Chemical leather has very good elasticity, can be used for processing household furniture as well as bags and clothes. With an inexpensive price, this is the right choice for the majority of consumers who love genuine leather.
Advantages: The skin has good elasticity, the price is not too expensive.
Cons: May cause allergies to sensitive people; chemical waste causes environmental pollution.
b) Herbal Tanned Leather
If your family has someone who is allergic to chrome chemicals, you should choose herbal dyed leather, completely from natural ingredients, of course, the price is not cheap at all because the process of tanning with herbs is very time consuming. . Herbal leather has less elasticity than chemical leather, so it is suitable for furniture such as sofas, beds or luggage and shoes.
Advantages: Natural materials do not cause allergies and environmental pollution.
Cons: The skin has less elasticity, the price is quite high.
3. Recognizing Real Leather Classification By Cut Grade
Raw leather after cleaning and going through the tanning process will be cut by the manufacturer into layers of different thicknesses. The location of the cut and the texture of the skin surface are factors that determine the quality of the finished leather. Here are the main subgroups:
a) Leather Grade 1 (Full Grain)
As the outermost layer of skin, the protective horny layer, characteristic of animal skin, remains intact. A perfect full grain skin will not have scars or insect bites, requiring the pet to be cared for very carefully from birth to adulthood. Therefore, the cost of layer 1 leather is usually very high. Layer 1 skins with some bad scars but still usable will be a bit cheaper. In return, layer 1 leather when used to make furniture is extremely durable, has good ventilation or it is said that leather can breathe thanks to its natural horny layer. If well maintained, a layer 1 genuine leather sofa will have a lifespan of up to 10-20 years and still retain the same luxury as when it was purchased.
The way to recognize layer 1 leather (full grain) is to observe the texture on the surface, because it is natural, they will be uneven. If water is dropped on the skin, it is easily absorbed and leaves a clear water mark on the skin.
b) Leather Grade 2 (Top Grain)
For imperfect layer 1 skins, the outermost layer will be cut off to remove bad scars on the surface of the skin, and it becomes top grain. Although the stratum corneum has been thinned, layer 2 leather almost retains the good properties of layer 1 leather, of course not as durable, but will be more affordable and popular among users. .
c) Split Leather (Genuine or Suede)
Genuine leather is a very confusing term for consumers. It is true that split leather is also genuine leather, but its quality is not comparable to layer 1 and layer 2 leather. The reason is that this type of leather has absolutely no natural horny layer. Imagine an original leather split in two, the upper part being layer 1 leather, and the bottom part getting this split leather. Because the natural stratum corneum has been lost, the split skin does not have good ventilation and deteriorates quickly. For surface treatment, the manufacturer will use a stamping machine to print an artificial textured surface called genuine leather, or polish to get suede.
d) Recycled Leather (Bonded)
The manufacturer grinds waste products from the leather production process such as crumbs, old and damaged leather panels, and then mixes them with a mixture of glues and laminates to create bonded leather. Because there is no longer the microfiber structure of natural leather, recycled leather is often very easy to tear and degrade quickly. Recognizing this type of leather by lightly tearing, the leather is much easier to tear than the above types of leather.
4. How to Choose Real Leather Home Furniture
Usually, buyers have to spend a lot of time researching to choose the right quality leather. The required criteria are as follows:
- Genuine leather, CO/CQ certified.
- Leather classifies as class 1 (full grain) or grade 2 (top grain).
- The leather is large, full, not patchy.
- Outstanding natural texture, no signs of stamping.
- The dye color is harmonious, natural, and penetrates deep into the skin layers.
5. Choosing a Prestigious Furniture Manufacturer
Home furniture such as sofa, bed, recliner, reading chair... are indispensable objects in modern living space. Choosing to buy genuine leather products of the right quality will bring luxury to the house, along with a long life and improve the life of the owner. Therefore, buyers should consult carefully with the Reputable furniture manufacturer so that you can be completely assured of the quality of the leather and the product in general.
At DACO, we are committed to using leather of clear origin, carefully advise customers to choose layer 1 (full grain) or layer 2 (top grain) to ensure customers have Get the best furniture. We invite you to contact DACO for on-site consultation.